A debate over whether to extend enhanced unemployment benefits is emerging as a significant obstacle to getting a deal on another round of coronavirus relief legislation.
With the national unemployment rate expected to creep toward 20 percent in the months ahead, the fight over whether to boost benefits for Americans who lose their jobs or to keep benefits lean to motivate laid-off employees to rejoin the workforce is set to become a defining issue ahead of the election.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellMcConnell: Next coronavirus bill ‘not too far off’ McConnell gives two vulnerable senators a boost with vote on outdoor recreation bill On The Money: Mnuchin sees ‘strong likelihood’ of needing another COVID-19 relief bill | 2.4 million more Americans file new jobless claims | Top bank regulator abruptly announces resignation MORE (R-Ky.) says that Senate Republicans don’t have any interest in extending the $600 federal increase to state unemployment benefits that was a core component of the $2.2 trillion CARES Act.
The enhanced benefits are due to expire at the end of July, making them a principal topic of the upcoming negotiations.
McConnell told House GOP lawmakers in a conference call Wednesday that the Senate will not extend the beefed-up federal unemployment benefits, with GOP senators say has become a disincentive for middle- and lower-wage workers to return to the job.
But not all Republicans are on board with McConnell.
Sen. Pat RobertsCharles (Pat) Patrick RobertsFamily Research Council endorses Roger Marshall in Kansas Senate primary Trump tries to soothe anxious GOP senators Postal Service to review package fee policy: report MORE (R-Kan.) said “my inclination would say that that’s going to have to continue for a while.”
“I get it, I talk to a lot of business people in Kansas — and South Carolina — about that and the disincentive if you continue to pay it to work. So I say it’s a tough a choice. But I think under the circumstances it should be continued in some form,” he added.
The employment picture grew darker on Thursday after the Labor Department announced that another 2.4 million Americans applied unemployment claims last week, bringing the total for the past nine weeks to 38 million new claims.
Sen. Thom TillisThomas (Thom) Roland TillisAbrams announces endorsements in 7 Senate races The Hill’s Morning Report – Presented by Facebook – Mnuchin, Powell: Economy may need more boost; Trump defends malaria drug The Hill’s 12:30 Report: Trump gives an update on vaccine efforts MORE (R), who faces a tough re-election race in North Carolina, said he wants to wait and see how the unemployment numbers play out.
“I think a lot of it really depends on how well the business openings go. I for one think that anything we do has to be tailored to where we’re not in the situation where the benefit’s greater than the salary it was replacing,” he said.
Other Republicans, however, say there is strong support for shutting off the federal boost to unemployment insurance after July.
“They think it is a huge disincentive to get the economy back and growing again. They’re not happy it was done in the first place,” said Sen. Rob PortmanRobert (Rob) Jones PortmanMcConnell gives two vulnerable senators a boost with vote on outdoor recreation bill Fight emerges over unemployment benefits in next relief bill Senate Republicans demand answers from Trump on IG firing MORE (R-Ohio), who helped craft the unemployment benefits section of the CARES Act, referring to complaints he has heard from GOP colleagues about the beefed-up benefits.
Sen. Rand PaulRandal (Rand) Howard PaulDoctors push Trump to quickly reopen country in letter organized by conservatives Trying to protect everyone, we exposed the most vulnerable to the virus GOP senators not tested for coronavirus before lunch with Trump MORE (R-Ky.) on Thursday warned: “When the government wage exceeds the market wage you’ll get institutionalized unemployment.”
“It was a mistake to make it so high to begin with. It would be a mistake to extend it,” he added. “If you favor extending it, basically you’re favoring institutionalized unemployment.”
Other Republicans are raising concerns that adding $600 in federal assistance to weekly state unemployment compensation creates a benefit that exceeds the hourly wage for many jobs in their states.
“I think it needs to end,” said Sen. John BoozmanJohn Nichols BoozmanWe can’t afford to let local news die Bipartisan group of senators asks Treasury, SBA to loosen coronavirus loan restrictions Senators urge Pompeo, Perdue to back global food programs amid coronavirus pandemic MORE (R-Ark.). “Hopefully the economy will start to be getting back on track and we’ll be able to get rid of it.”
Portman has proposed a bill that he hopes will give laid-off workers incentive to give up their enhanced benefits and look for new jobs before the July 31 expiration of the $600 federal add-on.
His legislation would let these workers continue collecting $450 of the $600 weekly benefit if they find work in the next nine weeks.
This sets up a major fight with Democrats, who see expanded unemployment benefits as the most effective way to help Americans hit hardest economically by the pandemic.
Speaker Nancy PelosiNancy PelosiTrump to lower flags in memory of coronavirus victims Let’s support and ensure the safety of workers risking so much for us Pelosi, Democrats press case for mail-in voting amid Trump attacks MORE (D-Calif.) and House Democrats have passed a $3 trillion “phase four” coronavirus relief bill that would extend the $600 federal add-on to state unemployment benefits through July.
Sen. Sherrod BrownSherrod Campbell BrownRollout of new anti-redlining rules sparks confusion in banking industry The Hill’s Morning Report – Presented by Facebook – Mnuchin, Powell: Economy may need more boost; Trump defends malaria drug On The Money: Powell, Mnuchin split on benefits of easing COVID-19 restrictions | Warren, Mnuchin spar over Treasury’s 0B bailout fund | Fight emerges over unemployment benefits in next relief bill MORE (D-Ohio) said Democrats “absolutely” will insist on extending the federal plus-up of state unemployment benefits.
“It’s been a longtime Republican plan to reduce the amount of UI to workers, to shrink the number of weeks and to make fewer people eligible. In Ohio, only a quarter of quarter of unemployed workers are eligible for Ohio unemployment,” he said.
He said Democrats will make extending the program a top priority.
“Democrats are the party of workers, clearly, and they aren’t,” he said of his GOP colleagues.
The debate is just beginning but it will grow heated in the weeks ahead as both sides begin to negotiate in earnest the size and scope of the next relief bill.
Senate Democratic Whip Dick DurbinRichard (Dick) Joseph DurbinSenate to try to pass fix for Paycheck Protection Program Thursday The Hill’s Coronavirus Report: Mastercard CEO Ajay Banga says supporting small business single most important thing we should do now; Teva’s Brendan O’Grady says U.S. should stockpile strategic reserve in drugs like Strategic Oil Reserve Tensions flare over GOP’s Obama probes MORE (Ill.) predicted: “Republicans will catch … hell back home when they try to explain cutting off unemployment.”
He also predicted fallout for not reforming the Small Business Administration’s Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) or providing more aid to state and local governments.
Durbin warned that failing to extend enhanced unemployment benefits would be a “disastrous mistake.”
“The economists tell us it is probably the single best stimulus that we can put into this economy,” he said
Durbin said if McConnell blocks extending beefed-up unemployment benefits past July 31, there will be hardship across American and in the commonwealth of Kentucky that “he doesn’t even begin to contemplate at this moment.”
Sen. Bernie SandersBernie SandersThe Memo: Activists press Biden on VP choice Trump, Biden conserve cash ahead of fall battle Puerto Rico Democrats set 2020 primary: ‘We have no alternative but to comply with the law’ MORE (I-Vt.), who was a competitive candidate in the Democratic presidential primary and whose support is seen as crucial to turning out voters in the fall, also weighed in Thursday.
“Republicans are going nuts about the $600 per week expanded unemployment benefits that workers now receive. Imagine that! Americans not forced to live on starvation wages. What a frightening precedent. What will they want next? Health care as a human right?” Sanders tweeted Thursday afternoon.
Some Democratic moderates, however, have signaled in private talks that they’re open to negotiating with Republicans to scaling down the $600 in additional weekly assistance after July.
A Republican source familiar with the preliminary talks said that moderate Sens. Chris CoonsChristopher (Chris) Andrew CoonsTrump declines to say if he’s ‘standing by’ nominee under investigation It’s time to invest in America’s future House Democrats include .6 billion for mail-in voting in new stimulus bill MORE (D-Del.), Bob MenendezRobert (Bob) MenendezSenate panel approves Trump nominee under investigation Hillicon Valley: Trump threatens Michigan, Nevada over mail-in voting | Officials call for broadband expansion during pandemic | Democrats call for investigation into Uber-Grubhub deal Senate chairman schedules vote on Trump nominee under investigation MORE (D-N.J.) and Joe ManchinJoseph (Joe) ManchinThe Hill’s Coronavirus Report: Mnuchin sees ‘strong likelihood’ of another relief package; Warner says some businesses ‘may not come back’ at The Hill’s Advancing America’s Economy summit The Hill’s Coronavirus Report: Mastercard CEO Ajay Banga says supporting small business single most important thing we should do now; Teva’s Brendan O’Grady says U.S. should stockpile strategic reserve in drugs like Strategic Oil Reserve The Hill’s Coronavirus Report: CDC Director Redfield responds to Navarro criticism; Mnuchin and Powell brief Senate panel MORE (D-W.Va.) have expressed interest in finding a compromise.
Sen. Michael BennetMichael Farrand BennetFight emerges over unemployment benefits in next relief bill Job losses approach Depression territory as election looms An evidence-based response to rising child poverty — reform and expand the Child Tax Credit MORE (D-Colo.) has also signaled a willingness in reviewing the impact of the generous federal payment on people rejoining the workforce.
Jordain Carney contributed.