One proposal from Senate Democrats would include nearly $350 billion to help schools and universities reopen safely, which could be used for purposes like purchasing personal protective equipment or cleaning buildings.
“Everybody I know wants to open up the schools,” Speaker Nancy Pelosi said Thursday. “But it has to be safe for the children.”
“We don’t want our children to take risks to go to school,” she added.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) is making it clear that reopening schools will be a priority in the next coronavirus package. Speaking in Kentucky this week, McConnell said the U.S. “cannot get back to normal if the kids are not back in school.”
The thorny debate over how to reopen schools comes as the Senate is preparing to negotiate the next major — and perhaps final — coronavirus relief package before the August recess. While the Senate passed a $2 trillion coronavirus relief package unanimously in March, party leaders are more worried about reaching a compromise as the politics of the pandemic have grown more divisive.
Further complicating the debate over the relief package, Congress also faces looming deadlines that affect millions of Americans: Extra unemployment benefits will lapse at the end of July, as will federal protections from evictions.
And the circumstance remain uncertain, with the U.S. caseload continuing to surge and some state leaders, especially in the South and Southwest, pulling back their plans to reopen their economies.
Many Senate Republicans say they largely agree with Democrats that Congress should give federal dollars to help schools cover the costs of reopening, which could include covering health needs such as face masks, or making up for gaps in learning due to the coronavirus. Sen. Lamar Alexander (R-Tenn.), who chairs the Senate HELP Committee, is also urging more testing.
But some in the GOP are taking a more hardline approach. The conservative House Freedom Caucus on Thursday held a press conference with several physicians who criticized the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s guidelines on reopening learning facilities and urged schools to resume in-person teaching this fall.
Several of those Republicans argued that children are less likely to transmit the virus — a claim that is still being studied by medical experts — and said keeping children at home could cause more risk than the virus itself.
“The bottom line is that it’s safe for children to go back to school. It is not safe for them to remain at home,” Rep. Andy Harris (R-Md.), a doctor by training, told reporters Thursday. “It’s time to get the economy going, get children back to school, get their education back on track.
The CDC will come under more scrutiny from Congress later this month, with House Democrats summoning Director Robert Redfield for a hearing to focus exclusively on the school reopening debate on July 23.
So far, Republicans have declined to back Trump’s threats this week to cut off funding for schools that remained closed for in-person classes. Education Secretary Betsy Devos on Thursday walked back similar comments, and instead pitch an educational voucher of sorts that would allow parents more flexibility to choose schools that do plan to reopen in person.
“I would be shocked if Senate Republicans as a whole took the position, open them back up regardless or you’re not getting any money,” Jones said. “I would really be stunned. I have not seen that attitude with any of my Republican colleagues.”
Many Senate Republicans acknowledged that reopening schools to in-person learning would require money as well as clearer guidelines from health agencies. McConnell has urged the following of CDC guidelines, which include requiring children to wear masks and keeping desks at a safe distance.
Sen. Pat Roberts (R-Kans.), a member of the Senate HELP Committee, said Thursday that he is waiting on more information from the CDC before reaching a conclusion on how to reopen schools.
Roberts warned that if people go to school and then get sick “you’re back to square one trying to get a hold of the virus.” But he added, “If you do not let youngsters, especially in the elementary side, get back to school where you’re missing a whole year, or half a year, anyway… that’s pretty damaging.”
Senate Democrats have offered their own $430 billion proposal to address school reopening and child care, led by Sen. Patty Murray (D-Wash.), the top Democrat on the HELP Committee, and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.). Their bill includes a $345 billion educational stabilization fund that would provide money to universities and K-12 schools to assist with financial aid and with following public health requirements.
“As a mom, and a grandmother, the thought of using students’ safety as a bargaining chip is truly appalling—and I hope Senate Republicans don’t stoop to that level just because the President wants to,” Murray said in a statement this week.
Michael Stratford contributed to this report.