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President Trump on Tuesday said his 60-day ban on immigration will only apply to people applying for permanent residency, claiming it was necessary in order to protect American jobs as the economy continues to struggle during the coronavirus pandemic.
The need for any extension or modification of the ban will be evaluated “by myself and a group of people based on economic conditions at time,” he told reporters at the White House.
Trump did not provide many details on the order, explaining that it would likely come through on Wednesday and was still being drafted.
Trump, who initially announced that immigration would be suspended in a Monday evening tweet, said the restriction would not apply to those coming to the country to live temporarily.
“There will be some people coming in, but it’s, it’s a strong order,” he said. “It involves a big circle, as you know.”
He couched the policy announcement as an effort to protect US jobs, which has been battered by a pandemic that has shutdown huge swaths of the economy.
“This pause on new immigration will also help to conserve vital medical resources for American citizens, a short break from new immigration, depending on the time we are talking about, will protect the solvency of our health care system, and provide relief to jobless Americans,” he said.
From the early days of his administration, Trump has gravitated toward sweeping policies that restrict immigrants from entering the country. The actions have taken various shapes: multiple bans on asylum at the southern border, blocks on entry for those coming from several Muslim-majority countries, and a halt to the refugee system.
The latest order appears to be a continuation of that effort and comes as Trump faces criticism for his handling of the pandemic.
“The administration’s decision to condition the pause on the economy indicates that they intend the suspension to be long term, since this crisis will not abate quickly,” said Sarah Pierce, an analyst at the Migration Policy Institute.
In 2017, Trump backed legislation that would’ve made dramatic cuts to the immigration system. The RAISE Act, which was introduced by Tom Cotton, would’ve barred people from sponsoring siblings, parents and adult children who are citizens of other countries from immigrating to the U.S.
Immigrants that want to come to the country to live permanently obtain visas through their relationships with family members who are already US citizens or green-card holders. Some groups of people are able to obtain these permanent visas by having “extraordinary” abilities in the arts and sciences or being a highly specialized and skilled worker.
Each year, the government generally provides around a million green cards with about half being given to those who are already in the US who are able to obtain the status after coming to the country on a separate visa, according to the Migration Policy Institute.
Temporary workers come to the US to work through various programs. For example, agricultural workers obtain temporary visas through the H2 program to staff farms that are key to stabilizing the country’s food supply.
Trump first announced the order in a late night tweet Monday:
“In light of the attack from the Invisible Enemy, as well as the need to protect the jobs of our GREAT American Citizens, I will be signing an Executive Order to temporarily suspend immigration into the United States!” he tweeted.
The policy comes during a time when the immigration system has already slowed down.
Because of the coronavirus pandemic, the State Department has already stopped processing visas and refugee admissions have also been paused. US Citizenship and Immigration Services has closed down its offices to the public for the past several weeks.
Despite working to restrict immigration since taking office and chastising US companies for hiring overseas workers, Trump’s businesses have hired hundreds of temporary foreign workers in recent years.
On Monday, the administration extended a March 20 order issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that bars the entry of those who cross into the country without authorization. The order effectively bars asylum at the southern border and has led to US officials quickly expelling immigrant children apprehended alone.
Last month, the State Department eased requirements for most seasonal foreign workers, waiving previously required in-person interviews for temporary worker visas. DHS also announced changes last week that would make it easier for US farmers to hire temporary workers, saying it was necessary to protect the nation’s food supply.